As a result of traffic accidents, impacts and fall, fractures may occur in the facial bones. Examination, direct x-ray and tomography are used in the diagnosis of these fractures. These fractures may sometimes be accompanied by swelling, bruise, cuts, pain or loss of sensation in the skin. Sometimes, they may be seen without a change on the lining tissue.
If the fracture line is in its place and non-mobile, observation may be preferred in the treatment. In such cases, the patient is called to come for follow-up at intervals and the healing is checked whether it progresses without a problem. If the fracture line is displaced or mobile, a surgery is preferred for the treatment of these patients. The fractured part is fixated with a plate and screws. For incisions to reach the fracture, the areas such as the inside of the mouth, eyebrow corners, eyelid line are preferred.
After the surgery, especially in the first week, swelling occurs in that area and movement restriction is recommended for these areas for 1-2 weeks.
Although rare, complications such as bleeding, infection, wound separation may occur after the facial fracture surgery. Numbness in the surgical area for a few months is usually an expected condition. After these surgeries, an additional intervention due to fracture line problems may be necessary at the rate of 5%.