BREAST REDUCTION SURGERY (REDUCTION MAMMOPLASTY)
Although the breast reduction surgery seems to be one of cosmetic surgeries performed to correct the external appearance of woman, it may actually be included in reconstructive surgeries besides being cosmetic.
Large and sagging breasts may cause neck and back pains, spinal curvature, numbness in the arm, rash and wounds under the breast, cavitation and pain on the shoulder due to the weight of the bra strap. Difficulty in breathing may be experienced. The friction of the breast skin with chest skin may result in rash and formation of wounds. Besides that, it may lead to social discomfort and psychological problems in women due to embarrassment and self-loathing. With a breast reduction surgery to eliminate these problems, patient feels comfortable in social life and is distanced from the health problems that may be caused by large breasts.
The aim of the breast reduction surgery is to reshape the breast in accordance with the body size of the individual by removing the excess tissue from the large breast. Excess breast tissue is removed with the skin on it. The surgery is performed under general anaesthesia and takes 2,5-4 hours. Depending on the method used, a scar around the nipple and one more straight or reverse T-shaped scar down the lower edge of the nipple are formed. These scars may be noticeable, pink or even slightly swollen, especially in the first 2-3 months, but their colour fades and they become hardly visible over time. The extent of scars postoperatively may vary depending on the size of the breast and the surgical method, but mostly affected by the scar-forming characteristic of the patient's skin. Scars become less noticeable in light-skinned women.
2-3 days later, the drains are removed and post-operative pain is not very disturbing. The duration of hospital stay is 1-2 days. The patient is recommended to wear a special surgical bra for 4-6 weeks. The patient may return to her daily life and work 1 week later. The patient is recommended to stay away from heavy sports for 3 months.
Postoperative complications such as hematoma, infection may occur. Stiffness due to fat necrosis in the breast may rarely occur. It may take more time for some areas on the breast skin or nipple to completely heal. . Frequent medical dressing change may be required.
It is possible to breastfeed after the breast reduction surgery, but this can often be difficult to determine in advance. If you want to have a child and breastfeed, you should discuss this with your doctor before undergoing a breast reduction surgery.